←Back to APA Citation Guide Our comprehensive guide on APA format
How to Reference a Journal Article in APA
BibMe can create Journal Citations in APA automatically!
Use the following template to cite a journal article using the APA citation format. We also provide style guides for the MLA , Chicago , and Turabian styles. To have your bibliography or works cited list automatically made for you, check out our free APA citation maker .
Once you’re finished with your citations, we can also help you with creating an APA title page .
Citing a journal article in print
APA format structure:
Author, A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.
APA format example:
Nevin, A. (1990). The changing of teacher education special education. Teacher Education and Special Education: The Journal of the Teacher Education Division of the Council for Exceptional Children, 13(3-4), 147-148.
Citing a journal article found online
APA format structure:
Author, A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp. DOI:XX.XXXXX or Retrieved from journal URL
APA format example:
Jameson, J. (2013). E-Leadership in higher education: The fifth “age” of educational technology research. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(6), 889-915. DOI: 10.1111/bjet.12103
Notes: When creating your online journal article citation, keep in mind:
- APA does NOT require you to include the date of access/retrieval date or database information for electronic sources.
- You can use the URL of the journal homepage if there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online.
- Example: Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1467-8535;jsessionid=956132F3DE76EEB120577E99EE74CE9C.f04t01
- A DOI (digital object identifier) is an assigned number that helps link content to its location on the Internet. It is therefore important, if one is provided, to use it when creating a citation. All DOI numbers begin with a 10 and are separated by a slash.
For more information on how to cite in APA, check out Cornell .
←Back to APA Citation Guide
Skip to main content
- Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
- Research Guides
- APA Citation Style, 6th edition
APA Citation Style, 6th edition: APA
How do I cite an article I found using an iPhone app?
It is irrelevant whether you read it on your iPhone, IPad, Android, Blackberry, MAC, laptop or in the library. Creating references is not about documenting “how” you located the information but providing the reader a direct path to the “original” source of the material.
Remember – the “iPhone app” is not the source of the article – the “journal” is your source. Cite it as you would any journal article.
APA’s Official Resources
- APA – A Complete Resource for Writing and Publishing in the Social and Behavioral SciencesThe official online APA publication.
- APA tutorial
- APA website
- Digital Object Identifier (DOI) website
- Official APA blogProvides clarification and corrections related to information in the APA manual.
- Sample APA PaperFrom the official APA website.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) (pp. 188-192)
What is a DOI? A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet.
NOTE: It is regarded as the most important part of the citation because it will accurately direct users to the specific article.
Think of it as a "digital fingerprint" or an article’s DNA!
FYI – Updated rules on using DOI (March 2017):
- Retrieved from http://doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114
(Above information from The APA blog on DOI . This is APA’s official blog and their staff provides excellent examples on APA formatting/citations.)
- FREE DOI Look-up (Cross-Ref)
- DOI System: FAQ
- Looking up a DOI
- How to Find a DOIQuick tutorial video put together by APA.
- DOI Flowchart
American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in student papers in science, medical, public health, health sciences and nursing as well as the social science.
The purpose of documentation is to:
- Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
- Indicate the authors or sources of these in a References list at the end of your paper.
This guide is based on the APA Manual (6th ed.) that was published in 2009.
The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research.
General Style Guidelines
For more examples and information, consult the following publications:
APA Manual (6th ed.)
|BF76.7 .P83 2010||Main Reference Collection 1st Floor|
What is RefWorks?
What is RefWorks? RefWorks is an online research management,
writing and collaboration tool. It is designed to help researchers
easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as
well as generate citations and bibliographies.
Why should you use RefWorks?
- One “click” and you can generate bibliographies in any citation style format. (APA, AMA, MLA and more!)
- Allows you to create & organize your own personal
database of references.
- Import your references directly from
databases, journals or the library catalog and avoid emailing or the
need to save to a USB flashdrive.
- Makes collaboration easier during group projects allowing you to share your RefWorks folder of references.
New Users: Getting Started!
- Go to Himmelfarb Library’s Homepage
- Under Accounts Click RefWorks
- Select “Sign up for an Individual Account” and complete the new user information form.
- You will receive an email from RefWorks confirming your login username and password
Note: You will need the Group Code for GWUMC to access RefWorks off-campus.
2300 Eye Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
- Himmelfarb Headlines Newsletter
- Himmelfarb Library: Blog
- Himmelfarb Library: Facebook
- Himmelfarb InstagramhimmelfarbGW
- Himmelfarb: Twitter@himmelfarbGW — #himmelfarb
- Next: General Style Guidelines >>
- Last Updated: May 29, 2018 9:21 AM
- URL: https://libguides.gwumc.edu/APA
- Print Page
Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
2300 Eye St., NW, Washington, DC 20037
Phone: (202) 994-2850
http://himmelfarb.gwu.edu | Staff Login
- GW Email
- Health Info @ Himmelfarb
- Library Catalog
- GW Health Research
- Research Guides
- Other Libraries
- Ask a Librarian
- Study Room Reservations
- Borrow Materials
- Borrow from other libraries (ILL)
- Off Campus Access
- Computers, Printers, Copiers
- My Library Account
- Staff Directory
- Department Liaisons
- Library Policies
- Job Opportunities
|Project Ideas||Project Guide||Ask An Expert||Blog||Science Careers||Teachers||Parents||Students|
Writing a Bibliography: APA Format
Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA). For more information on the APA format, see http://www.apastyle.org .
Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author’s last name, using the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) Only the initials of the first and middle names are given. If the author’s name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The.
For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works cited, except for May, June, and July. Use either the day-month-year style (22 July 1999) or the month-day-year style (July 22, 1999) and be consistent. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there.
Underlining or Italics?
When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics. If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in italics as they are below. Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining. Our examples use italics.
All APA citations should use hanging indents, that is, the first line of an entry should be flush left, and the second and subsequent lines should be indented 1/2″.
Capitalization, Abbreviation, and Punctuation
The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle. The exceptions to this rule would be periodical titles and proper names in a title which should still be capitalized. The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized.
If there is more than one author, use an ampersand (&) before the name of the last author. If there are more than six authors, list only the first one and use et al. for the rest.
Place the date of publication in parentheses immediately after the name of the author. Place a period after the closing parenthesis. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works within longer works.
Author’s last name, first initial. (Publication date). Book title. Additional information. City of publication: Publishing company.
Allen, T. (1974). Vanishing wildlife of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society.
Boorstin, D. (1992). The creators: A history of the heroes of the imagination. New York: Random House.
Nicol, A. M., & Pexman, P. M. (1999). Presenting your findings: A practical guide for creating tables. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Searles, B., & Last, M. (1979). A reader’s guide to science fiction. New York: Facts on File, Inc.
Toomer, J. (1988). Cane. Ed. Darwin T. Turner. New York: Norton.
Encyclopedia & Dictionary
Author’s last name, first initial. (Date). Title of Article. Title of Encyclopedia (Volume, pages). City of publication: Publishing company.
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Pettingill, O. S., Jr. (1980). Falcon and Falconry. World book encyclopedia. (pp. 150-155). Chicago: World Book.
Tobias, R. (1991). Thurber, James. Encyclopedia americana. (p. 600). New York: Scholastic Library Publishing.
Magazine & Newspaper Articles
Author’s last name, first initial. (Publication date). Article title. Periodical title, volume number(issue number if available), inclusive pages.
Note: Do not enclose the title in quotation marks. Put a period after the title. If a periodical includes a volume number, italicize it and then give the page range (in regular type) without “pp.” If the periodical does not use volume numbers, as in newspapers, use p. or pp. for page numbers.
Note: Unlike other periodicals, p. or pp. precedes page numbers for a newspaper reference in APA style.
Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.
Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28-31.
Kalette, D. (1986, July 21). California town counts town to big quake. USA Today, 9, p. A1.
Kanfer, S. (1986, July 21). Heard any good books lately? Time, 113, 71-72.
Trillin, C. (1993, February 15). Culture shopping. New Yorker, pp. 48-51.
Website or Webpage
Author’s name. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number, Retrieved month day, year, from full URL
Author’s name. (Date of publication). Title of work. Retrieved month day, year, from full URL
Note: When citing Internet sources, refer to the specific website document. If a document is undated, use “n.d.” (for no date) immediately after the document title. Break a lengthy URL that goes to another line after a slash or before a period. Continually check your references to online documents. There is no period following a URL.
Note: If you cannot find some of this information, cite what is available.
Devitt, T. (2001, August 2). Lightning injures four at music festival. The Why? Files. Retrieved January 23, 2002, from http://whyfiles.org/137lightning/index.html
Dove, R. (1998). Lady freedom among us. The Electronic Text Center. Retrieved June 19, 1998, from Alderman Library, University of Virginia website: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/subjects/afam.html
Note: If a document is contained within a large and complex website (such as that for a university or a government agency), identify the host organization and the relevant program or department before giving the URL for the document itself. Precede the URL with a colon.
Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 0001a. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html
GVU’s 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved August 8, 2000, from http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/usersurveys/survey1997-10/
Health Canada. (2002, February). The safety of genetically modified food crops. Retrieved March 22, 2005, from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/english/protection/biologics_genetics/gen_mod_foods/genmodebk.html
Hilts, P. J. (1999, February 16). In forecasting their emotions, most people flunk out. New York Times.
Retrieved November 21, 2000, from http://www.nytimes.com
Sample Bibliography: APA Reference List Format
Report a Problem
You can find this page online at: https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/science-fair/writing-a-bibliography-apa-format
You may print and distribute up to 200 copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom educational use. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way. For any other use, please contact Science Buddies.
Academic Outreach Partnerships
Work for Us
My Science Buddies
Hands-on STEM for Your Classroom
Careers in Science
Science Fair Project Guide
Engineering Design Project Guide
Advanced Project Guide
Science Fair Project Ideas
Ask an Expert
How to Donate
How to Volunteer
Create a FREE Science Buddies Account
Science Buddies in Action
Summer Science Camps
Join us on Facebook
Follow us on Twitter
Follow us on Pinterest
Copyright © 2002-2018 Science Buddies. All rights reserved.
Reproduction of material from this website without written permission is strictly prohibited.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms and Conditions of Fair Use .